Because of its great area, there are important climatic variations at the Region, influenced mostly by the relief, the sea and the winds. In the eastern slope of Patagonian mountain range there is a cold steppe climate that prevails in the central continental area.
This is the place where most of the population settlements, among them Punta Arenas, where the average rainfall registers 425 millimeters annual, mostly in spring-summer and in winter as snow. This is an area of constant wind, more intense at spring-summer, time at which it reaches an average speed of 30 to 40 kilometers per hour, diminishing almost at all in winter.
The average temperatures by season in Punta Arenas, sited in the geographical center of continental area are: